JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Eritrea’s “systematic, widespread” human rights abuses should be referred to the International Criminal Court as crimes against humanity that include enslavement and torture, a United Nations commission of inquiry said Wednesday.
“The crimes of enslavement, imprisonment, enforced disappearance, torture, persecution, rape, murder and other inhumane acts have been committed as part of a widespread, systematic campaign against the civilian population since 1991,” commission chair Mike Smith told reporters in Geneva.
“Officials at the highest levels of state” bear responsibility for crimes against humanity, the report said, and the commission has compiled dossiers of evidence for a number of officials that “will be made available at the appropriate time to relevant institutions, including courts of law.”
The three-member U.N. commission, which was not allowed to visit Eritrea, said many violations occur behind “the facade of calm and normality that is apparent to the occasional visitor to the country.”
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JOINT MOTION FOR A
pursuant to Rules 135(5) and 123(4) of the Rules of Procedure
replacing the motions by the following groups:
on the situation in Ethiopia
Cristian Dan Preda, Mariya Gabriel, Elmar Brok, Davor Ivo Stier,
Andrej Plenković, Lara Comi, Tunne Kelam, Patricija Šulin,
Agnieszka Kozłowska-Rajewicz, Brian Hayes, Bogdan Brunon Wenta,
Thomas Mann, Csaba Sógor, Claude Rolin, Andrey Kovatchev,
Eva Paunova, Milan Zver, Ildikó Gáll-Pelcz, Pavel Svoboda,
Ivan Štefanec, Michaela Šojdrová, Tomáš Zdechovský, Sven Schulze,
Jaromír Štětina, Andrey Novakov, Lefteris Christoforou, József Nagy,
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Dubravka Šuica, Marijana Petir, Anna Záborská, Roberta Metsola,
Joachim Zeller, Luděk Niedermayer, Krzysztof Hetman,
David McAllister, Stanislav Polčák, Ivana Maletić, László Tőkés,
Romana Tomc, Inese Vaidere
on behalf of the PPE Group
Nikos Androulakis, Zigmantas Balčytis, Hugues Bayet, Brando Benifei,
Goffredo Maria Bettini, José Blanco López, Vilija Blinkevičiūtė,
Biljana Borzan, Victor Boştinaru, Nicola Caputo, Andrea Cozzolino,
Andi Cristea, Miriam Dalli, Isabella De Monte, Monika Flašíková Beňová,
Knut Fleckenstein, Doru-Claudian Frunzulică, Eider Gardiazabal Rubial,
Enrico Gasbarra, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg,
Michela Giuffrida, Ana Gomes, Sylvie Guillaume, Cătălin Sorin Ivan,
Liisa Jaakonsaari, Afzal Khan, Miapetra Kumpula-Natri, Juan Fernando
López Aguilar, Andrejs Mamikins, Costas Mavrides, Marlene Mizzi,
Sorin Moisă, Alessia Maria Mosca, Momchil Nekov, Pier Antonio Panzeri,
Demetris Papadakis, Pina Picierno, Tonino Picula, Miroslav Poche,
Inmaculada Rodríguez-Piñero Fernández, Siôn Simon, Monika Smolková,
Tibor Szanyi, Marc Tarabella, Julie Ward, Flavio Zanonato,
Damiano Zoffoli, Josef Weidenholzer
on behalf of the S&D Group
Charles Tannock, Mark Demesmaeker, Arne Gericke, Beatrix von Storch,
Raffaele Fitto, Ruţa Tomašić, Angel Dzhambazki, Jana Ţitňanská,
on behalf of the ECR Group
Hilde Vautmans, Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea, Petras Auštrevičius,
Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Marielle de Sarnez, Urmas Paet, Pavel Telička,
Ilhan Kyuchyuk, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Ivo Vajgl, Dita Charanzová,
Nedzhmi Ali, Martina Dlabajová, José Inácio Faria, Fredrick Federley,
Nathalie Griesbeck, Marian Harkin, Filiz Hyusmenova, Ivan Jakovčić,
Petr Jeţek, Javier Nart, Maite Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz, Frédérique Ries,
Robert Rochefort, Johannes Cornelis van Baalen, Paavo Väyrynen,
Valentinas Mazuronis, Norica Nicolai, Marietje Schaake,
on behalf of the ALDE Group
Marie-Christine Vergiat, Barbara Spinelli, Kostas Chrysogonos
on behalf of the GUE/NGL Group
Jordi Sebastià, Maria Heubuch, Heidi Hautala, Judith Sargentini,
Barbara Lochbihler, Bart Staes, Igor Šoltes, Bodil Valero, Indrek Tarand,
Davor Škrlec, Ernest Urtasun
on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group
Ignazio Corrao, Piernicola Pedicini, Fabio Massimo Castaldo,
Isabella Adinolfi, Laura Agea, Laura Ferrara, Rolandas Paksas
on behalf of the EFDD Group
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European Parliament resolution on the situation in Ethiopia
The European Parliament,
– having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in Ethiopia and to the most recent
plenary debate on the matter, of 20 May 2015,
– having regard to the statement of 23 December 2015 by the European External Action
Service (EEAS) spokesperson on recent clashes in Ethiopia,
– having regard to the joint statement of 20 October 2015 by Federica Mogherini,
Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs
and Security Policy (VP/HR), and Tedros Adhanom, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia,
– having regard to the press release on the meeting of 13 January 2016 between the VP/HR,
Federica Mogherini, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic
Republic of Ethiopia, Tedros Adhanom,
– having regard to the statement of 27 May 2015 by the EEAS spokesperson on the
elections in Ethiopia,
– having regard to the declaration of 10 July 2015 by the UN Special Rapporteur on the
promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye,
on the release of Ethiopian journalists,
– having regard to the latest Universal Periodic Review on Ethiopia before the UN Human
– having regard to the Cotonou Agreement,
– having regard to the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia adopted
on 8 December 1994, and in particular the provisions of Chapter III on fundamental rights
and freedoms, human rights and democratic rights,
– having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,
– having regard to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading
Treatment or Punishment, ratified by Ethiopia in 1994,
– having regard to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights,
– having regard to the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,
– having regard to Rules 135(5) and 123(4) of its Rules of Procedure,
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A. whereas the most recent general elections were held on 24 May 2015, in which the
Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) remained the ruling party
and won all the seats in the national parliament, owing in part to the lack of space for
critical or dissenting voices in the election process; whereas May’s federal elections took
place in a general atmosphere of intimidation and concerns over the lack of independence
of the National Electoral Board; whereas the EPRDF has been in power for 24 years, since
the overthrow of the military government in 1991;
B. whereas over the past two months Ethiopia’s largest region, Oromia, home of Ethiopia’s
largest ethnic group, has been hit by a wave of mass protests over the expansion of the
municipal boundary of the capital, Addis Ababa, which has put farmers at risk of being
evicted from their land;
C. whereas, according to international human rights organisations, security forces have
responded to the generally peaceful protests by killing at least 140 protesters and injuring
many more, in what may be the biggest crisis to hit Ethiopia since the 2005 election
violence; whereas, on the contrary, the government has only admitted the deaths of dozens
of people as well as 12 members of the security forces;
D. whereas on 14 January 2016 the government decided to cancel the disputed large-scale
urban development plan; whereas, if implemented, the plan would expand the city’s
boundary 20-fold; whereas the enlargement of Addis Ababa has already displaced
millions of Oromo farmers and trapped them in poverty;
E. whereas Ethiopia is a highly diverse country in terms of religious beliefs and cultures;
whereas some of the largest ethnic communities, particularly the Oromo and the Somali
(Ogaden), have been marginalised in favour of the Amhara and the Tigray, with little
participation in political representation;
F. whereas the Ethiopian authorities arbitrarily arrested a number of peaceful protesters,
journalists and opposition party leaders in a brutal crackdown on protests in the Oromia
Region; whereas those arrested are at risk of torture and other ill-treatment;
G. whereas the government has labelled largely peaceful protesters as ‘terrorists’, applying
the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation (Law No 652/2009) and deploying military forces
H. whereas on 23 December 2015 the authorities arrested Bekele Gerba, Deputy Chairman of
the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), Oromia’s largest legally registered political party;
whereas Mr Gerba was taken to prison and reportedly hospitalised shortly afterwards;
whereas his whereabouts are now unknown;
I. whereas other senior OFC leaders have been arbitrarily arrested in recent weeks or are
said to be under virtual house arrest;
J. whereas this is not the first time that Ethiopian security forces have been implicated in
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serious human rights violations in response to peaceful protests, and whereas it is known
that the Ethiopian Government is systematically repressing freedom of expression and
association and banning individuals from expressing dissent or opposition to government
policies, thereby limiting the civil and political space, including by carrying out politically
motivated prosecutions under the draconian anti-terrorism law, decimating independent
media, dismantling substantial civil society activism and cracking down on opposition
K. whereas in December 2015 leading activists such as Getachew Shiferaw (Editor-in-Chief
of Negere Ethiopia), Yonathan Teressa (an online activist) and Fikadu Mirkana (Oromia
Radio and TV) were arbitrarily arrested, although they have yet to be charged by the
L. whereas the Ethiopian Government imposes pervasive restrictions on independent civil
society and media; whereas, according to the 2014 prison census conducted by the
Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Ethiopia was the fourth-worst jailer of journalists
in the world, with at least 17 journalists behind bars, 57 media professionals having fled
Ethiopia in the previous five years and a number of independent publications having shut
down as a result of official pressure; whereas Ethiopia also ranked fourth on the CPJ’s
2015 list of the 10 most-censored countries;
M. whereas numerous prisoners of conscience imprisoned in previous years solely on the
basis of the legitimate exercise of their freedom of expression and opinion, including
journalists and opposition political party members, remain in detention; whereas some of
them have been convicted in unfair trials, some face ongoing trials and some continue to
be detained without charge, including Eskinder Nega, Temesghen Desalegn,
Solomon Kebede, Yesuf Getachew, Woubshet Taye, Saleh Edris and Tesfalidet Kidane;
N. whereas Andargachew Tsege, a British-Ethiopian citizen and leader of an opposition party
living in exile, was arrested in June 2014; whereas Mr Tsege had been condemned to
death several years earlier in his absence, and has been on death row practically
incommunicado since his arrest;
O. whereas Ethiopia’s Charities and Societies Proclamation law requires organisations
engaged in advocacy to generate 90 % of the funding for their activities from local
sources, which has led to a decrease in action by civil society organisation (CSOs) and to
the disappearance of many CSOs; whereas Ethiopia rejected recommendations to amend
the Charities and Societies Proclamation and the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation, made by
several countries during the examination of its rights record under the Human Rights
Council Universal Periodic Review of May 2014;
P. whereas the Ethiopian Government has de facto imposed a widespread blockade of the
Ogaden region in Ethiopia, which is rich in oil and gas reserves; whereas attempts to work
and report from the region by international media and humanitarian groups are seen as
criminal acts punishable under the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation; whereas there are reports
of war crimes and severe human rights violations perpetrated by the army and government
paramilitary forces against the Ogaden population;
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Q. whereas Ethiopia, the second-most-populated country in Africa, is reportedly one of the
fastest-growing economies in Africa, with an average growth rate of 10 % in the past
decade; whereas it nevertheless remains one of the poorest, with a per capita GNI of
USD 632; whereas it ranked 173rd out of 187 countries in the Human Development Index
R. whereas Ethiopia plays a key role in the region and enjoys political support from Western
donors and most of its regional neighbours, mostly owing to its role as host of the African
Union (AU) and its contribution to UN peacekeeping, security and aid partnerships with
S. whereas, as economic growth continues apace (along with significant foreign investments,
including in the agriculture, construction and manufacturing sectors, large-scale
development projects, such as hydroelectric dam building and plantations, and widespread
land-leasing, often to foreign companies), many people, including farmers as well as
pastoralists, have been driven from their homes;
T. whereas Article 40(5) of Ethiopia’s constitution guarantees Ethiopian pastoralists the right
to free land for grazing and cultivation and the right not to be displaced from their own
U. whereas Ethiopia is a signatory to the Cotonou Agreement, Article 96 of which stipulates
that respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is an essential element of
V. whereas Ethiopia is experiencing its worst drought in decades, leading to increasing food
insecurity, severe emaciation and unusual livestock deaths; whereas nearly 560 000
people are internally displaced owing to floods, violent clashes over scarce resources and
drought; whereas the Ethiopian Government estimates that 10.1 million people, half of
them children, are in need of emergency food aid owing to the drought;
W. whereas Ethiopia is faced with permanent influxes of migrants and is a host country for
approximately 700 000 refugees, mainly from South Sudan, Eritrea and Somalia; whereas
on 11 November 2015 a Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility (CAMM) was
signed by the EU and Ethiopia to reinforce cooperation and dialogue between the two
parties in the area of migration;
1. Strongly condemns the recent use of excessive force by the security forces in Oromia and
in all Ethiopian regions, and the increased number of cases of human rights violations;
expresses its condolences to the families of the victims and urges the immediate release of
all those jailed for exercising their rights to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression;
2. Reminds the Ethiopian Government of its obligations to guarantee fundamental rights,
including access to justice and the right to a fair trial, as provided for in the African
Charter and other international and regional human rights instruments, including the
Cotonou Agreement and specifically Articles 8 and 96 thereof;
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3. Calls for a credible, transparent and independent investigation into the killings of
protesters and into other alleged human rights violations in connection with the protest
movement, and calls on the government to fairly prosecute those responsible before the
4. Calls on the Government of Ethiopia to respect the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights and the African Charter, including the right to peaceful assembly, freedom of
expression and association; urges the government to immediately invite the UN Special
Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association and other UN
human rights experts to visit Ethiopia to report on the situation;
5. Welcomes the government’s decision to completely halt the special zone master plan for
Addis Ababa and Oromia; calls for an immediate, inclusive and transparent political
dialogue which includes the government, opposition parties, civil society representatives
and the local population, to prevent any further violence or radicalisation of the
6. Stresses that free and independent media are essential in order to guarantee an informed,
active and engaged population, and calls on the Ethiopian authorities to stop suppressing
the free flow of information, including by jamming media broadcasts and harassing
media, to guarantee the rights of local civil society and media and to facilitate access
throughout Ethiopia for independent journalists and human rights monitors; acknowledges
the recent release of ‘Zone 9’ bloggers and of six journalists;
7. Requests that the Ethiopian authorities stop using anti-terrorism legislation
(Anti-Terrorism Proclamation No 652/2009) to repress political opponents, dissidents,
human rights defenders, other civil society actors and independent journalists; calls also
on the Ethiopian Government to review its anti-terrorism law in order to bring it into line
with international human rights law and principles;
8. Condemns the excessive restrictions placed on human rights work by the Charities and
Societies Proclamation, which denies human rights organisations access to essential
funding, endows the Charities and Societies Agency with excessive powers of interference
in human rights organisations and further endangers victims of human rights violations by
contravening principles of confidentiality;
9. Calls on the Ethiopian authorities to prevent any ethnic or religious discrimination and to
encourage and take action in favour of a peaceful and constructive dialogue between all
10. Welcomes Ethiopia’s 2013 human rights action plan and calls for its swift and complete
11. Urges the authorities to implement, in particular, the recommendation of the Human
Rights Council’s Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and to release British national
and political activist Andargachew Tsege immediately;
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12. States that respect for human rights and the rule of law are crucial to the EU’s policies to
promote development in Ethiopia and throughout the Horn of Africa; calls the AU’s
attention to the political, economic and social situation of its host country, Ethiopia;
13. Calls for the EU, as the single largest donor, to monitor programmes and policies
effectively to ensure that EU development assistance is not contributing to human rights
violations in Ethiopia, particularly through programmes linked to the displacement of
farmers and pastoralists, and to develop strategies to minimise any negative impact of
displacement within EU-funded development projects; stresses that the EU should
measure its financial support according to the country’s human rights record and the
degree to which the Ethiopian Government promotes reforms towards democratisation;
14. Calls on the government to include local communities in a dialogue on the implementation
of any large-scale development projects; expresses its concerns about the government’s
forced resettlement programme;
15. Expresses deep concern about the current devastating climatic conditions in Ethiopia,
which have worsened the humanitarian situation in the country; calls for the EU, together
with its international partners, to scale up its support to the Ethiopian Government and
people; welcomes the contribution recently announced by the EU and calls on the
Commission to ensure that this additional funding is provided as a matter of urgency;
16. Recalls that Ethiopia is an important country of destination, transit and origin for migrants
and asylum seekers, and that it hosts the largest refugee population in Africa; takes note,
therefore, of the adoption of a Common Agenda on Migration and Mobility between the
EU and Ethiopia which addresses the issues of refugees, border control and the fight
against human trafficking; calls also on the Commission to monitor closely all projects
recently initiated within the framework of the EU Trust Fund for Africa;
17. Is extremely concerned about the economic and social situation of the country’s
population – in particular women and minorities, and refugees and displaced persons,
whose numbers continue to increase – in view of the crisis and the instability of the
region; reiterates its support for all humanitarian organisations operating on the ground
and in neighbouring host countries; supports calls by the international community and
humanitarian organisations to step up assistance to refugees and displaced persons;
18. Stresses that major public investment plans are required, particularly in the education and
health fields, if the Sustainable Development Goals are to be attained; invites the
Ethiopian authorities to make an effective commitment to attaining these goals;
19. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Government and Parliament of
Ethiopia, the Commission, the Council, the Vice-President of the Commission / High
Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the ACP-EU Council
of Ministers, the institutions of the African Union, the Secretary-General of the United
Nations, and the Pan-African Parliament.
It was to save the country now !!! Mr. Prince Trigger Guard Ethiopian People's Patriotic Front Chairman / MP. Leul Keskis EPPFGuard chairman
MP. Leul Keskis EPPFGuard chairman Interview
Mr. Prince was born in the city of Gondar Trigger Bablicon 1 school in the city of righteous John in Step 1
School 2nd Alvarez also Fasilides school junior high school 2 Total completed.
Then the former Ethiopian army officers joining hurišo training by signing a two-year school graduates Military Academy and graduated with the rank of principalities percent.
Next, as the 2nd Revolutionary Army commander and assigned beshelek’e bezeriyedireši 27 th Brigade mekeneyizidi leadership in Eritrea have dozens daunting. Mešiwe’ātineti have made their country great.
In addition, the School of Law and graduated with Diploma in central statistics office employees worked for 11 years. Ethiopia then became one of the facets of the country's precious sons lead the response and coordination in the setting of peace and democracy activist organizations established to bring peace in the country. Bebuzuwochi was given great hope to the people of our country, but the TPLF group betech’enegefewi ā.miretu the 1997 election, voting on behalf of the city of Gondar, Ethiopia tewededirewine broad public support, gained as a member of parliament for a limited time option for some time been signed off by Parliament, but Parliament TPLF Ethiopian people inidemeyiwekili understand the problem and yetegenezebutinimi Reporter went to press statement they leave the desert.
Ānibegenenochini armed conflict, unless the democratic choice of the people acknowledge their authority inidemeyeširekibu confirmed Mr. Patriotic Front Catch joined the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea, which might in time. For 10 months have involved armed struggle.
Ethiopian exports around the world by organizing and coordinating more effectively and realize that they may benefit from affiliation Ethiopian People's Patriotic Front made out to the outside. For the past 3 years, foreign parties Representative of the World have been taking effective action to meet the highest international committee chairman. Currently, Ethiopia
People's Patriotic Front Guard (EPPFG) are the chairman.
Cooperation with the country's current situation and have stayed with the organization providing information about the organization's general activity journal. Happy reading
Dawn-Ethiopian People's Patriotic Front guard yederijituni program and improving the provision of the constitution two years ago, and more than 6
Yenik’et’ek’et’ewini years ago, based on attacking people merging with the National Democratic Praetorian Guard is a filter ongoing struggle of the people of Ethiopia Patriotic Front. This starts from the bush starred What school?
Mr. Prince-agency does not have much more than a label. However, the label has been known as the Ethiopian People's Patriotic Front Joint Guard (EPPFG) in order to strengthen political and diplomatic activity and prevent the organization's overall risk of hackers.
In general, cabinets and efforts to strengthen the organization's activity in the country, which has been discussing earlier high officials and members of the foreign national. Finally, the last meeting approved the decision tešetobeti which had the support of all members of senior management.
Dawn: What is currently the organization's activity?
Mr. Prince-mentioned above, the agency is currently making a strong movement. In all regions of the country within a country is struggling dictators actively working to clear the pipeline behi’ibune society seeker, change logging everywhere. Corporate members and supporters to expand their activities at the current number of members and supporters in the country significantly increased
This agency represents the understanding of how important the community's public agenda. A foreign country continues to intensify diplomatic and political work. Foreign Affairs Diaspora lives in share values. Is unhealthy. However, it is important to work together as a stronger organization to carry on the struggle. That's why our organization is fulfilling seeker changes in foreign assistance to the Ethiopian people gathered role in digital. That number is increasing from a display. In general, the organization of the people who benefit are the people Patriotic Front guard at yetegenezebebeti more people living both inside and outside the country.
What is your relationship with Dawn-attacking struggle with other political parties?
Mr. Prince-tale ājenidechini is one. This is to remove the dictatorial TPLF group. We're working together and talking. Your Majesty, we are doing political work for the benefit of the public. We're all to hurl stones to make some fruitful struggle. "Either joined or waterways," the entanglement understand that the current slogan of the domain and the domain identify right kemezelelefi
Instead of talking to the TPLF quick work together in order to solve the land question has the option to call forward speed.
We've discussed our gaps in leadership and in particular the breaches to working level. Especially now, many organizations are in close betemešeretewine its activities to collaborate with the tribe council. Last March 1/2013
Protests held a war council in Frankfurt sending its own message of support refers to a good start in the country to collaborate Carrying case. We are working together with Mr. t’i’āhuni at the hands of the organization are.
How do you see the dawn-currently the country's current situation?
Mr. Prince-current TPLF is not new. Older Hide purpose. Inideminitezebewi seed iyeteremeše nation's annihilated by foreign forces. For example, remember the injustice done to the Amhara in southern Ethiopia a year ago. Now, in Amara scratch color Benishangul Gumuz region found slain in the field of leased ālemerenyimi. This hidden legacy public
It is shown animosity. Another is a campaign to destroy the National yemiyekehēdewi religion. The Muslim community suffered more injustice might specify that surpasses today. And the activity going on in the Orthodox religion, confirmed the TPLF regimes. Previously aired by appointing its own political system has been bishop of the religious framework detonates linking religion with politics for 22 years. Today, this function is not so. Yemi’imenuni vote to appoint the bishop of abducting a politician. This indicates that the country is negative gang.
Mr. Prince-dawn All of this was said. How far ahead and freely travel experience TPLF Combat Team Do?
Mr. Prince is a very good question. EPLF, TPLF is basically āmešereretu carry kešehili EPLF is a group of youths entered the desert, brought in Brussels. Telelekinetuni yemeleketewimi recall EPLF EPLF and TPLF Ethiopian control of the country for seven years inidizerifi grant is that the TPLF. For example, the recent history of a single province feet coffee plant coffee compliance extorting T Made in Eritrea that she make foreign exports.
Before dawn-coast Ethiopia had three doors. Each of the gates of a Marine currently does not see how this matter your organization? Future country believes that what should be done in a sea?
Mr. Prince-now is a good question. It is clear that Ethiopia had three ports. Djibouti, purpose and Massawa three were devotees of the sea. Djibouti is a matter that arose because of their high cube to increase Ethiopia, Emperor Menelik II. Ye’āšebine yemits’iwe, however, is different. Our border is k’eyibehiri. Eritrean Constitution had put in a corner Sha'bia people of Ethiopia and Eritrea will only illegal, it is illegal to work. Still, the country is part of the mind in northern Ethiopia miširik’i. Not the Eritrean regime. We knew the people. The port is a matter of time caring. It is not a matter of misunderstanding. Ethiopia Ethiopia future constitutional system established to devise a legal filing her legal rights. No matter what are the people of the two countries and the two brothers who hate gangs.
Finally, if you have a morning-message?
Mr. Prince, "either joined or waterways" is the domain of the current slogan is correct understanding of entanglement kemezelelefi together and realized that instead of talking quick to identify the domain An underground system in question has the option to speed up work to unite
Thank you for the duration of our early-morning.
I thank you, Mr. Prince:
Puberty magazine, April 2013, the first year the number 2,
Chair person in EPPFG
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Procedura : 2016/2520(RSP)
Ciclo di vita in Aula
Ciclo del documento : B8-0095/2016Testi presentati :B8-0095/2016
PV 21/01/2016 - 12.2
CRE 21/01/2016 - 12.2
PV 21/01/2016 - 14.2
Testi approvati :
MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 271k DOC 72k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-0082/2016
with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law
pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure
on Ethiopia (2016/2520(RSP))
Hilde Vautmans, Beatriz Becerra Basterrechea, Petras Auštrevičius, Izaskun Bilbao Barandica, Marielle de Sarnez, Urmas Paet, Pavel Telička, Ilhan Kyuchyuk, Ramon Tremosa i Balcells, Ivo Vajgl,
Dita Charanzová, Nedzhmi Ali, Martina Dlabajová, José Inácio Faria, Fredrick Federley, Nathalie Griesbeck, Marian Harkin, Filiz Hyusmenova, Ivan Jakovčić, Petr Ježek, Javier Nart, Maite
Pagazaurtundúa Ruiz, Frédérique Ries, Robert Rochefort, Johannes Cornelis van Baalen, Paavo Väyrynen, Valentinas Mazuronis
on behalf of the ALDE Group
NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.
European Parliament resolution on Ethiopia (2016/2520(RSP))
The European Parliament,
-having regard to its previous resolutions on the post-election crisis and serious human right violation in Ethiopia and in particular those of 7 July 2005 on the human rights situation in
Ethiopia, 13 October 2005 on the situation in Ethiopia,
-having regard to the local EU statement on the situation in Ethiopia on 30 July 2014,
-having regard to the joint statement by the HR/VP of the EU and the Ethiopian Minister of Foreign Affairs on 20 October 2015 in Brussels,
-having regard to the statement by the EU External Action spokesperson on 23 December 2015 on recent clashes in the Oromo and Amhara regions in Ethiopia,
-having regard to the Human Rights Watch report on Ethiopia on January 2011,
-having regard to the Cotonou Agreement,
-having regard to the fact that Ethiopia is the fourth largest recipient of EU aid in the world and the EU its most significant trade partner,
-having regard to the African Charter on Human Rights and Peoples of 1981,
-having regard to the International Covenant on Civil Rights, 1966 policies,
-having regard to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948,
-having regard to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia, adopted in 1995, in particular its articles 46 and 47;
-having regard to Article 135 of the Rules,
A.Whereas in Ethiopia, which was one of the poorest countries in the world and is the Africa’s second most populous nation, the ruling party (Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front –EPRDF-) dominated by the Amhara and Tigray ethnic clans has been in power since the overthrow of the military government in 1991; whereas some of the largest ethnic communities, particularly the Oromo and Somali (Ogaden), have been marginalized by Abyssinians (Amhara/Tigray) with little participation in the political representation, and are subject to regular and violent human rights abuses;
B.whereas due to poor governance, the situation is particularly dire for many of the minorities in the country; whereas the region of Ogaden is targeted through a government embargo on trade and food aid, especially since 2007; whereas Ethiopia is prone to recurrent droughts and floods; whereas those who try to stand up for their constitutional rights are systematically targeted and exposed to torture, sexual violence, land grabbing, generating political and social conflicts, arising protesters and opposition groups;
C.whereas the government drawn up an anti-terrorism law adopted on 7 July 2009 and came into force on the next 28 August and was abusively used to target political opponents, stifle dissent, and silence journalists, the freedom of speech was heavily curtailed with strict criminal sanctions, including for the media;
D.whereas during a demonstration in Addis Ababa on 8 June 2015, security forces killed at least 36 citizens and in the aftermath arrested thousands of persons, mostly linked to the opposition, who were accused of spreading political unrest; whereas human rights violations denounced by the opposition intensified and about 16 journalists have been forced to exile and according the Committee to Protect Journalists, 57 media professionals have fled Ethiopia in the last five years and a number of independent publications have shut down due to official pressure;
E.whereas Ethiopia is one of the largest recipients of donors aid in Africa, receiving almost US$ 4billion in 2014; whereas Ethiopia enjoys strong support from foreign countries and bodies because of its role as host of the African Union and strategic regional player, its contribution to UN peace keeping, its progress on development indicators;
F.whereas the economic growth continued apace, along with significant foreign investments, including in the agriculture, construction and manufacturing sectors, large scale development projects such as hydroelectric dam building and plantations, and widespread land-leasing, often to foreign companies, many people, farmers as well as pastoralists were driven from their homes;
G.whereas the situation deteriorated in mid-April 2014, the government announced implementation of "Addis Ababa Integrated Regional Development Plan" (the "Master Plan" for short) which proposes to annex most of the city's surrounding areas belonging to the National Regional State of Oromia, the largest Ethiopian region surrounding Addis Ababa;
H.whereas the "Master Plan" provoked an immediate reaction from university students joined by farmers and other residents across the state of Oromia, the demonstrations were strongly repressed by the government through its security forces (such as the Federal and State Police, the Army, and the Special Forces), firing live bullets on demonstrators, killing at least 140 protestors and wounding many others since 12 November 2015 according to HRW; whereas the government has admitted to killing dozens of protesters, and said 13 security forces also been killed and has promised to launch an investigation according to Al Jazeera;
1.calls on the Ethiopian Government to immediately stop harassing the opposition and all of its citizens and enforce the right to freedom of speech in the country in accordance with the Art; 29 of the Ethiopian Constitution;
2.welcomes the release of the bloggers and journalists who have been acquitted of their charges related to the anti-terror law in July last year, and calls on the Ethiopian authorities to take similar steps towards the rest of opposition leaders, journalists and bloggers;
3.condemns the use of force killing peaceful protesters and urges the Ethiopian government to bring the continuing exactions perpetrated against the Oromo community to an end, calls on Ethiopian authorities to conduct an impartial and independent investigation on the repression that took place against the protesters, ensure that the perpetrators are prosecuted and tried before the competent jurisdictions;
4.welcomes the announcement of the cancelation of the "Master Plan" after Oromo protests, takes note that the government has also said that plan was going to be implemented only once "a consensus had been reached after in-depth and full discussions" and asks for this to be confirmed; calls for immediate release the Oromo activists arbitrarily arrested in the protest against the plan as well as all other political prisoners;
5.calls on the Ethiopian government to lift the sanction on the Ogaden region and guarantee food supply to its people; and to ensure all minorities in the country can exercise their rights to social justice, equity and democracy;
6.encourages also the Ethiopian government to review its anti-terrorism law (Anti-terror proclamation n° 652/2009) to bring it into line with international human rights law and principles so that allows the Ethiopian citizen to express their political views through really free and secure democratic country; recalls that Ethiopia accepted a recommendation to "adopt measures which guarantee the non-occurrence of cases of torture and ill-treatment in places of detention" at its UN Universal Periodic Review in 2014;
7.Urge the government to immediately invite the UN Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of association and peaceful assembly and other UN human rights experts to visit Ethiopia to report on the situation;
8.Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments and parliaments of the Member States, the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the Institutions of the African Union and the IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority for Development), The Secretary General of the UN, the UN General Assembly, the Co-Chairs of the Parliamentary Assembly Joint ACP-EU-African Parliament.
It is known that Ethiopia is the second largest populace country in Africa continent. Ethiopia is also well known that it is rich in natural resources and man power for its economic development. But, due to lack of good governance, Ethiopia is still one of the poorest countries in the world. The current "government" of Ethiopia who is Tigrean's People Liberation Front/Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front ,TPLF/EPRDF, has empowered for the last 24 years by monopoly. But, they are unable to bring development, democracy, and freedom for Ethiopia people. On the contrary, development of Ethiopia becomes retarded to the worst level by dictatorial regime of TPLF/EPRDF. Until now in Ethiopia, there had not been fair and free election. they are still in power by abusing citizens' right, denying freedom of press, demolishing the independent judiciary system and weakening the peaceful struggle in our country.
As one of the solutions for the current problems of Ethiopia, an organization called Ethiopian People Patriotic Front (EPPFG) was established, by patriotic Ethiopians who decided to liberate their own country from repressive governance of TPLF/EPRDF using all means of struggle. EPPFG is one of the strongest organizations who are struggling so as to dismantle cruel, oppression and tyranny power of TPLF as a result to bring freedom, democracy, justice and equality of all nations and nationalities in Ethiopia. EPPFG is a political wing which is mobilizing thousands of Ethiopians in Africa, Europe, North America and Australia. In the mean time the chairman of EPPFG, Mr. Leul Keskis, was elected to parliament in 2005 as member of the Coalition for unity and Democracy Party (Kinijit). When the Woyane regime stole the election and after witnessing the atrocities Woyanes were committing against their constituents, instead of joining the rubber-stamp parliament, he along with our other parliaments, chosen to join the EPPFG fighters. After joining the EPPFG fighters, the leadership decided that Mr. Leul Keskis is more important if he is assigned to facilitate the diplomacy work in abroad. Currently, Mr. Leul Keskis who is working as the chairman of EPPFG & the internal relationship in World.
At this time, the one who could take the responsibility and accountability for all of the problems that the Ethiopian people face is TPLF/EPRDF. We believe and we are evidential that the source of all political and economical problems of Ethiopian people is TPLF government.
Ethiopia is the failing state in the case of true democracy. Use of antiterrorism law and false propaganda are TPLF instruments to destroy Amhara and Oromo. In the past 25 years, 2 millions of Amhara people are missing, tortured, intimated or killed. According to a report done by a Human Rights Watch since 1991 accused tenths of thousands people who have been members or supporters of opposition parties. Many prisoners who have medical conditions are not allowed to see physicians and none of those have received due process. Economic and education policies introduced by Tigray government in response to students peaceful protest, the government applied brutal forces, killed several ones and leaving and leaving many others wounded and many others are imprisoned. TPLF actively suppress opponents to organize and express their political activities. The political forces abuse many of the people and the security forces do what they want. Ethnic cleansing of Amhara people becomes day to day activity. The government consistently spread the message of violence and hate towards the Amhara and Oromo people. Without the international intervention or public out-cry, it is quite likely the agriculture, language and land rights will become a distant memory at the hands of oppressive moral and despotic Tiger government.
It is really impossible to get independent voices in Ethiopia. Media is treated as a threat rather than a valued source of information and analysis. The TPLF/EPRDF regime has been shut up Freedoms of expression for the last 24 years in Ethiopia. All pillars of democracy are under the tight control of the cruel and lawless repressive regime. Political leaders and popular journalists are either in prison or in exile. Different ways through which TPF is terrorizing journalists include threatening by phone and text, arresting, robbing their livelihoods, put families under pressure and fear of harassment. The government exerts control of the press media in many different ways. Printers and distributors of critical publications are also closed. There are some print publications which are working affiliated with the government. Due to this, Ethiopia is suffering from lack of independent media so as to have pure information and they are forced to have only state-owned media for those boring and unreliable information Freedom of speech in Western countries is alive, but dead in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia is Africa’s second most populous country by its population density next to Nigeria. Ethiopia ranks number 13th in the list of countries by population in the world. The economy of Ethiopia is largely based on agriculture with a GDP per capita of less than $550 a year. Agricultural productivity remains low. The sector suffers from poor cultivation practices and frequent drought. It is a country filled with a rich culture and heritage. But, Ethiopia is considered by many to be one of the most under-developed nations in the world. It is one of the 15 poorest countries in the world, due to lack of a rational leader who could manage and administer all these resources so as to escape from all such problems.
Ethiopian authorities are not living for the people, they are thinking day and night only for their own life and how could they become prosperous in short period of time by means of corruption. They use different mechanisms to achieve their own dreams. One of the recent funniest plans of TPLF authorities to get money or loan is using selling bond to international market which is called sovereign bond with amount of 1 billion US dollars. Therefore, Eurobonding may be dangerous for those countries whose leaders are in love with Corruption.
Foreign aid is one of the many tools that can improve the quality of life and help meet many basic needs. Ethiopia has received billions of dollars in developmental aid. For example, the U.S. gives Ethiopia approximately $800 million in aid annually. However, the question is, who is receiving, and who is responsible for distributing the foreign aid. The government has used aid as a political weapon to control the population, punish dissent, undermine political opponents, and increase the wealth of its allies. Foreign aid has failed to benefit those who fight for justice and democracy and that it has actually increased the potential for conflict in Ethiopia and Africa in general. the silence on the part of Western governments amounts to collusion, and constitutes a gross misuse of taxpayers’ money and a betrayal of international human rights laws. Ethiopia is receiving a record amount of aid whilst human rights abuses, torture, rape and political oppression at the hands of government forces continue.
The world has got the chance to see when the right of Ethiopians is violated. Since TPLF got the power to govern Ethiopia, everyone has passed the miserable life in his own home country. TPLF hates and punishes individuals at different organizations, parties and religions when they raise their hands to oppose policy of the government. Some of the active individuals and opposition parties have been inactivated as result of the” anti-terrorism law”. The TPLF minority regime in Ethiopia planted bombs in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa and killed innocent people in a bid to frame neighboring Eritrea for the terrorist crimes.
Ethiopia’s ruling junta again killed innocent civilians by planting a bomb in a minibus, in hotel and mosques. Many people have been warning the possibility of such an attack coming from the terrorist organization which is leading Ethiopia now. It has been a known fact that the ruling party in Ethiopia conducts such criminal acts in order to keep the assistance it gets from the so called ‘allies’ in the name of antiterrorism operations. Freedom of expression, political dissent and public assembly is denied by a regime that is committing a human right violation in different parts of the country. Earlier this week, the European Parliament adopted a 19-point resolution urging Ethiopia to respect the rights of peaceful protesters as well as to cease intimidation and imprisonment of journalists. Approximately 140 people were killed during the protests, according to activists interviewed by Human Rights Watch.
TPLF regime which has been failed and ignored has abandoned the people of Ethiopia. Hundred thousands of Ethiopian people leave the country due to worsened socio-economic and socio-poletical condition of the regime. many of the people stream to the middle-east. Most of the migrants are young women who go there to serve as a domestic worker (house maid). After they start their work, confiscation of travel document, rape, harassment, ill-treatment, long hours of work and exploitation starts. Since most of these women are too young and cannot withstand the condition. As a result, they commit suicide. Policy of exporting tremendous young working forces (40,000 per month) as a commodity should be stopped soon.
It is recognized that almost all key leadership positions in Ethiopia are held by individuals from only one ethnic group since they became in power. They use this strategy to exist in power as long as they want and to suppress the people in the way they need. Unfortunately, almost all of the higher officials of TPLF/EPRDF are old enough and illiterate who were the previous soldiers. This aggravates the political problem created in Ethiopia. From outside it seems a democratic country, but the reality is that they are following pseudo- democracy. This helps them as a cover for their political game. Due to lack of trust in TPLF regime, people are flooding to abroad legally and illegally. To escape from such a cruel regime, most of journalist, activist and learnt people are forced to live outside form their country. When we think of social media and access of information, it is like living in a jungle where there is no free access of Internet.
By definition of democracy, every individual and institution has his own right to practice any religious activities in their own institution either in church or in mosque. Freedom of religion in Ethiopia remains on the paper. Every member of any religious organization is found full of tension and fear when they go out of home for religious events. Any activities of every religious individual is under control of the TPLF government due to afraid of “terrorism” and “extremism” charges. It is unbelievable that how TPLF has assigned all of the people as “terrorist”. On the other hand, it is only TPLF government who becomes a real terrorist for safe life of any people in Ethiopia so that they can mask the weakness and incapability of their leadership and as a result they can extend age of their power. Employment of servants in churches or mosques is carried out only based on their political view and place of origin, not based on knowledge. No one will be assigned as a leader in any position of the church or mosque unless he is TPLF supporter or come from Tigrea region. Then, responsibility of the allocated “leader” in church or mosque will be undertaking orders from politicians instead of orders from the God.
Ethiopia falls down under dictatorial regime of one party called TPLF (Tigrea people liberation front) which is controlled by one minority ethnic group that make up only 6% of 96 million Ethiopian population. They were in power for 24 years. They are now deciding themselves to continue in power as a result of their fake election which was carried out on 24/05/2015. Such victory by the regime is a message of disgrace and shows that a multi-party system is over in Ethiopia and it seems as it is monopolized only by one party.
Ethiopia is a predominantly subsistence economy. Famine is inevitable in a subsistence economy during bad years due to inadequate surplus. For instance, migratory herders do not farm and consequently depend entirely on their herds for food. They store their savings in the form of cattle. Thus, when a drought hits pastoralist areas, animals die first and then the herders are devoured by starvation and famine. Agriculture has been Ethiopia’s mainstay for centuries. If developed, it can be the country’s reliable source of economic prosperity and national security. However, Ethiopia is still struggling with its selfish and restrictive feudal tradition, which gives the ruling elite and the state a monopoly over landownership. Peasants still live like serfs working the land they don’t own. There is no free movement of labor and capital because of ethnic barriers. As a result of all these, the rural sector is undeveloped and undercapitalized.
A shadow of fear and panic is creeping through villages in North Eastern, central and Southern Ethiopia, where once again famine stalks the land. The seasonal rains that usually fall between June and September did not arrive, and now, with the ‘dry season’ here the already severe situation can only deteriorate.
According to the UN, Ethiopia “is experiencing its worst drought in 30 years.” In some areas the poorest, most vulnerable infants are already dying at a rate of two per day. Around “350,000 children are in need of treatment for severe acute malnutrition,” UNICEF relates, and up to 8.2 million people (out of a population of 95 million) urgently require relief assistance. This number is expected to rise to a staggering 15 million by early 2016. The aid group Save the Children says as many as 10 million people need food aid. It calls this one of the two worst humanitarian crises in the world, following only Syria.
The crime of ethnic cleansing against the Amhara people has been underway since the injection of TPLF into the political scene. TPLF has been robbing and executing Amharas and nationalist people from Tigray since its days in Dedebit desert. And the ethnic cleansing has continued even after TPLF usurped power since 1991 until today. It has been a slow but deliberate process of ethnic cleansing committed by TPLF on the Amhara people. No wonder the population of the Amhara people has either remained constant in the last 20 years or has actually decreased by a few millions. And this has been reported on the make-shift TPLF “parliament” based on the study conducted by a group of researchers. They indicated that about two million Amharas may be missing from the statistics
Starting from the beginning, their manifesto is to disseminate unity of Ethiopian, to eliminate the Amhara ethnic group and religion of Orthodox church. Their objective is to break the bond which hold the people together in an intermingled fashion . In addition, they are changing the living condition of each people in to poverty and this helps them to make the people dependent to the government. Besides this, TPLF displace the people from their fertile plot of land and then they sell the land for wealthy people coming from Saudi Arabia and India. Surprisingly, TPLF sold a region of the land in Gondar area for the Sudan government. This is one the crimes particularly done on Amhara region."What we are urging is that the international community should not turn a blind eye to these gross violations of human rights that have taken place in Ethiopia,"
Due to all these problems, Ethiopians are forced to flee his own country. This to inform all the people in the world how Ethiopians are suffered by this racist Tigray government. TPLF is the most corruptive and dictatorial leaders in Africa. As we tried to mention their crimes, we would like to ask the government of the Germany to consider the application of all Ethiopian asylum seekers and to grant protection to Ethiopians as that of other applicants (e.g. Syria, Pakistan and Eritrean).
Therefore, we would like to ask the government of Germany to make Ethiopian asylum seekers to be beneficiary in the new rules of refugees. If our members are returned to Ethiopia, they will face torture, prison and death penalty. The last but not the least, make your own contribution for freedom of Ethiopians, by being non-supportive to a non-democratic, dictatorial and corruptive regime of TPLF.
Finally all these cruelest conspiratorial repression will result in ethnic conflict, civil war, disintegration of country and will make East Africa the area for incubation of terrorists. TPLF becomes financial strong since they use the money from foreign aid for their political purpose instead of humanitarian purpose. Therefore, we would like to recommend government of Germany and other EU countries and government of USA to control their financial help by checking whether it is used for targeted purpose. Otherwise, it will be a bullet to kill the innocent people and to elongate the age of fascist TPLF regime.
In conclusion, the EPPFG pursues all peaceful means of struggle to bring justice, democracy, equality and freedom to our country, Ethiopia. So we kindly solicit your cooperation to consider the just of our cause.